Korean Acupuncture Saam (사암침)
It was around the 17th century (middle of the Choson-Joseon era 朝鮮, 조선), that a Taoist and acupuncturist developed a system that bears his name: Saam (사암침, 舍 岩 鍼)
Le principe de l’acupuncture Saam (ou « technique des 4 aiguilles ») est d’agir sur les canaux tels que Tai Yin, Tai Yang, Shao Yin, Shao Yang, Yang Ming, Jue Yin (il s’agit d’associations de canaux, tel que le canal du Foie et Pericarde qui forment le Jue Yin, le Cœur et les Reins qui forment le Shao Yin etc…) et d’utiliser (entre autres) les principes énoncés dans le Chapitre 69 du Nan Jing (難經 - Classique des difficultés) concernant le traitement selon la loi mère-fils, dans le système des 5 phases (Wu Xing). Les lois qui régissent les relations des 5 phases sont à la base du système Saam.
The advantage of this method is to be often much more effective than modern Chinese acupuncture, practiced in China since the 50s and especially to ensure better security, because the points used are at the ends and not to proximity of organs.
This acupuncture system actually allows to treat the same disorders as modern Chinese acupuncture except that we use the theory of channels (meridians) and 5 phases, compared to the theory of organs and viscera in modern acupuncture. The difference is significant because the therapeutic results are very different. One can criticize this method is the use of points at the ends, which may be more sensitive than others, but if punctuated quickly and correctly, there is no fear to have. Acupuncture Saam and acupuncture Sasang (There is a page in French on this technique: read here This technique is very difficult to apply in Europe and especially in France, mainly because the system is based on the Korean constitutions, the treatment is also done with pharmaponcture (藥 鍼 - substances from the pharmacopoeia, injected subcutaneously), but also because nowadays in Korea we use a particularly expensive computer hardware (computer modeling constitutions) to improve treatments) are the 2 most used forms of acupuncture in Korea. Practitioners often combine them (for the potentiation of effects) with Tung's Taiwan acupuncture (董氏 針灸).
In this system, 2 points are always toned, 2 others scattered according to a very particular technique. Unlike modern acupuncture, we often punctuate the coupled meridian, or organ coupled to the affected one for greater clinical efficacy. Another advantage of this method is the use of only 4 needles when in China it is common to ask dozens. Finally, the physical, organic and psychic aspects form an indissociable whole in the treatment of the person. The punctuated points are those of the 5 phases (五 兪 穴): 井, 滎, 兪, 經, 合.